Madura : The Bull race ( Kerapan Sapi ) of One of the Attractions of the Tour

The bull race was the typical attraction from the Madura island that was the race (the race) cattle. Probolinggo that his inhabitants's majority of the Madura ethnic group or the mixture (between Madura and Java), then the bull race also became the attraction that was conserved.

An attraction masyarakt typical Madura, that is the race or the race (the bull race) cattle. In Probolinggo with the inhabitants's majority bersu I Madura or the mixture Madura Java (Pendalungan), the bull race also became the attraction continue to. Regional Government Probolinggo in this case the Perhubungan Service and Tourism, accommodated the aspirations of this community by preparing the forum for the bull race activity 2 (two) the time in one year. That is the Ritual Kasada Ceremony that was packed in the agenda Pre- Kasada and the struggle Trophy Regent Probolinggo in the BIRTHDAY of the Probolinggo Regency.

This also attracted local tourists even foreign countries.


Toba Lake : Lake that was Full of Astonishing Beauty

The Toba lake was a volcanic lake with the measurement of the area of 100km x 30km in North Sumatra, Sumatra, Indonesia. In the middle of this lake was gotten a volcanic island was named the Samosir Island. The Toba lake had since long before become the area of the aim of the important tour in North Sumatra apart from the Lawang Hill and Nias, attracted domestic tourists and foreign countries.

Estimated the Toba Lake happened during the explosion around 73,000-75,000 last year and was the eruption supervolcano (the volcano super) that was newest. Bill Rose and Craig Chesner from Michigan Technological University estimated that volcanic materials that were spewed out the mountain totalling 2800km3, with 800km3 the rock ignimbrit and 2000km3 volcanic ash that was estimated was blown the wind to the west for 2 weeks. Volcanic dust that was blown the wind spread to half earths, from China as far as South Africa. His eruption happened for 1 week and his dust throw reached 10 KM on sea level.

This incident caused the mass death and to several species also was followed by the extinction. According to some DNA proof, this eruption also menyusutkan the amount of humankind until approximately 60% from the number of populations of earth humankind at that time that is approximately 60 million humans. The same eruption took part in causing the occurrence of the ice time, although the experts were still debating the matter.

After this eruption, was formed the caldera that afterwards was filled by water and to that now is known as the Toba Lake. The pressure above by magma that did not yet go out caused the Samosir Island emergence.


Derawan Island: Maritime Tour that Really Captured

When you  lover the maritime tour, visited to the Laut Conservation Area (KKL) the Derawan Island, Kabupaten Berau, East Kalimantan, ought to be made the diary. Although just was developed into the tourist attraction, the potential and beauty of his waters did not lose to the other area.

This area was the sea region and mangrove that was arranged for the need of the continuous fisheries activity, the maritime tour, the research, and the socio-economic development of the community, as well as the utilisation of other sea resources in a lasting manner. It was not yet the direct flight to head this region. The flight from Jakarta only arrived at Balikpapan, the substitute by the small aircraft to the Redeb Cape, the capital of the Berau Regency. From the Redeb Cape used speedboat headed the Derawan Island.

Needed one hour followed the river to arrive in the estuary. Don't be surprised if you saw so many charts planted. This chart property of the local inhabitants and the amount could thousands. In the Derawan Island was gotten by several cottage. Sea water in this region was clean and clear with white sand that stretched.

The Derawan island was located in the Sulawesi Sea, to the Berau Regency coast, East Kalimantan, faced the estuary mouth of the Kelai River and was known with the Berau Delta. This island consisted of six groups of the big island, that is the Derawan Island, Pulau Sangalaki, Pulau Kakaban, Maratua Island, Panjang Island, Samama Island, as well as several small islands and the group of coral. Gotten 21 islands in this island. The cluster of the Derawan Island only a small part of the hundreds of islands in the east East Kalimantan coast that was numbering 248 islands. From the number, 138 islands did not yet have the name, two islands among them Sipadan and Ligitan was lost, to belonging to Malaysia. Waters in this island were known as some diving spot or the place of diving that was best in the world.

The region and conservation of the sea tour that were developed into the tour selam this was famous with his coral reef that was very beautiful. With used snorkel you could enjoy beauty of the coral reef under sea because his water was very clear. Might not be very far to the middle of sea, around 100 metre from the coastal lip, the fish and the multicoloured coral reef could have been enjoyed with leased snorkel Rp 50.000 per the day. As for for equipment rent scuba (self containing underwater bhreating apparatus) around Rp 400,000.

The series of the Derawan Island that was opened up more than 100mil along the East Kalimantan shoreline, was one of the richest areas biologically in Indonesia. In this island water from the Berau River was mixed with water from the Sulawesi Sea created a seascape that was unique with the characteristics of a river delta that was wide headed towards the spread coral shoal, the bank coral reef and the atoll. In the Derawan Island was gotten by more than 460 coral kinds. This made the Derawan Island the area that had the diversity of highest hard coral the number of two in the world after the Island King Ampat in Indonesia the eastern part.

The Derawan island as one of the places that was most rich and unique in the world could become your destination was further. Confirm you scheduled him in the forthcoming holiday.


Youtefa Gulf: The Very Beautiful Gulf

A gulf with the very beautiful Scenery. This gulf officially indeed very beautiful, but had the special meaning in World War II, both the aspect of the Japanese troops and the allied troops and the United States, because of the location of this gulf was very strategic.

On April 19 1942 Japanese troops entered the Yotefa Gulf and landed in PIM and Abe the coast. By being believed in by him, that the Hollanda location was very strategic, then Japan Anchored two warships togethered with his marines in the Yotefa Gulf on May 6 1942. In the gulf this still was gotten by the legacy of the World War II history took the form of Japanese ship carcasses and the Ally that sank, while in Abe  coast was built a Landing memorial of the Japanese troops. Evidently this most protected gulf made Hollandia the Japanese defence prop. So also supplies that were owned by Japan in Hollandia it was admitted the ally as the only centre of supplies that were most big and strongest by Japanese troops all over the Pacific territory


Highest Waterfall in Indonesia

Sipiso-piso available in North Sumatra howled through to 120 metre, was crowned as the highest waterfall in Indonesia. To head this waterfall from Berastagi, aimed the trip to Para- Pat.

Was not long after passed the Kabanjahe City, paid attention to the road thoroughly and found the sign to head this waterfall. After turning to left, followed this road until finding a big lake that is the Toba Lake.

In this lake you could stop over before walking on the step rank that crossed the slope of hills in the Toba lakeside. This that was the only safe road for tourists.


Building Asian Africa: the Place was formed by the Association and the International co-operation

The building that was located in the road Asian Africa this was established by a Dutch architect who was named Van Galenlast and C.O. Wolf Shoomaker. This building became very famous since the holding of the Conference Asian Africa in 1955, afterwards the Conference of Student Asia Africa in 1956 and the Conference Islam Asian Africa that kept the texts and legacy Asian Africa that was famous. This building was opened for the public every time work day and was easy to be reached by using the bus of the route city of Cicaheum-Cibeureum, Museum that put forward the collection and things of photographs of three dimensions that were connected with the Conference Asian Africa 1955.

Building Architecture
Building was drafted by Van Gallen Last and C.P. Wolff Schoemaker. Both of them were the Professor to Technische Hogeschool (the IT College), that is ITB now, two Dutch architectures that were famous in the period, this Building was very thick with nuances art deco and this grand building was seen from his floor that was made from artificial Italia marble that good , rooms of the place drank-drank and relaxed was made from wood cikenhout, whereas for his information was used lights of the crystal ray that depended sparkling. This building occupied the area measuring 7.500 m2.

History Building
History this building named SOCITEIT CONCORDIA was utilised as the place of recreation by a group of Dutch community that was domiciled at the Bandung city and surrounding area. They were the officials of the plantation, the officer, the dignitary, the businessman, and the other quite rich circle. On the holiday day, especially tonight, this building was filled by them to watch the performance of art, eating dinner.

In the Japanese occupation period this building was name Dai Toa Kaman with his function as the centre of culture. In the proclamation period of Republic of Indonesia independence on August 17 1945 this building was used as the Indonesian youth post in order to faces the Japanese troops that at that time reluctantly handed over his authority to Indonesia.

After the Indonesian government began to be formed (1946 - 1950) that was marked by the existence of the government of Haminte Bandung, Country Pasundan, and Recomba West Java, Gedung Concordia was utilised again as the meeting building public. here normally was held by the performance of art, the party, the restaurant, and the meeting of the other public.

With the decision of the Republic of Indonesia government (1954) that maintained the Bandung City as the place of the Conference Asian Africa, then the Concordia Building was chosen as the place of this conference. At the time the Concordia Building was the place building of the meeting that was most big and grandest in the Bandung City. And his location was then very strategic in the middle of the Bandung City as well as and close to the best hotel in this city, that is the Savoy Homann Hotel and the Preanger Hotel.

And from early 1955 this Building will be restored and matched his requirement as the place of the quality International conference, and the development him was handled by the Service of province public works West Java that command by Ir. R. Srigati Santoso, and the restoration executive him was: 1) the Bureau of the noble, under the command of R. Machdar Prawiradilaga 2) PT. Alico, under the command of M.J. Ali 3) PT. AIA, under the command of R.M. Madyono.

After being formed Konstituante Republic Of Indonesia as results of the general election in 1955, the Independent Building was made the Konstituante Building. Because Konstituante it was considered failed in carrying out the task especially, that is determining the foundation of the country and basic regulations of the country, then Konstituante was dispersed by President's Decree on July 5 1959. Further, the Independent Building was made the place of the Planning Nasional Body activity and afterwards became the Building People's Consultative Assembly Now(MPRS) that was formed in 1960. Although the function of the Independent Building kept changing from time to time in line with the change that was experienced in the struggle maintained, organised, and filled up Republic of Indonesia independence, the name of the Independent Building continue to Buried in the face part of this building.

During 1965 in the Independent a Building was held by the Conference Islam Asian Africa. During 1971 the MPRS activity in the Independent Building completely was shifted to Jakarta. After erupting the revolt of G30S/ PKI, Gedung Merdeka was in charge of by the military agency and some of the buildings this was made the place of the political prisoner G30S/ PKI. in July 1966, the maintenance of the Independent Building was handed over by the government of the centre to the Level Regional Government of I Propinsi West Java, that furthermore by the Level Regional Government of I Propinsi West Java was handed again over by his implementation to the Level Regional Government Ii Kotamadya Bandung. Three years afterwards, on July 6 1968, headed by MPRS in Jakarta changed the instruction about the Independent Building (the former MPRS Building) with the provisions that that was handed over was his parent building, whereas other buildings that were located at the back of the Independent Building were still continuing to become MPRS responsibility.

In March 1980 this Building was again entrusted to the place of the Conference warning Asian Africa that was 25th and in Puncak his warning was declared the Conference Museum Asian Africa by Soeharto President Republic Of Indonesia – 2.


Raflesia,the Giant's Forgotten Flower

Apart from the snake plant (Amorphopalus titanum), the rare flower that was quite popular in the Indonesian community was Raflesia, the pretty flower measured the giant. However, the kind raflesia that was known to be wide only Raflesia arnoldii, in fact raflesia the other kind still enough. All of them demanded attention of the community to be on duty at him so that not extinct. Some of Raflesia that was the endemic Javanese kind were Raflesia zollingeriana koorders or Raflesia solinger. Same like the Raflesia kind other, the existence padma one this began to be worrying. His article, the local inhabitants often took this flower bud to be made the remedy. The flower bud padma was believed in could merapatkan the female vagina.

The existence of this flower was the first time known by Koorders that found him in Puger, a coastal region in south East Java, during 1902. However because of the influence of nature, this flower is no longer found in the Puger region. He currently even often is encountered in the Meru Betiri National Park conservation area (TNMB), Banyuwangi, East Java. Was based on the research of Willem Meijer, the Raflesia kind solinger was the same as the kind padma Raflesia patma that his population in West Java. The measurement of the Raflesia flower was classified as amazing. The diameter of the flower could reach 35 cm, compared with the normal flower that only had the diameter 15 cm. The flower that blossomed perfect berdiameter 20-30 cm. It was long that the earlobe perigone 13-14 cm and wide 10-14 cm. Raflesia solinger was red brownish with the whitish nodule. The diaphragm hole around five until seven centimetre. The Raflesia flower be classed as holoparasit. Meaning that, the flower was the only plants organ that could be seen by the human eyes. He had two houses, namely the male and female flower that was gotten to the different individual.

The process of the formation of the flower was preceeded with the swelling in the root of the foster-mother's plants. Further was formed the bud to the surface of this root of the foster-mother's plants. This bud from the diameter several mm afterwards grew continued to this bud measuring big, reached 17 cm. Flower pollination was carried out by the green fly (Lucilia sp. ), the blue fly (Protocalliphora sp. ), the grey fly (Sarcophaga sp. ), the green eyes fly (Tabanus sp. ) and the fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster). A spread spell of the seed, according to the central data of Biologi Research And Development, Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia, the possibility was carried out by land insects, the squirrel, the porcupine, the wild boar or deer.

Generally, Rafflesia zollingeriana lived from foot the hill as far as hill castors above. With the slope of the place grew around 85 percent. The height from 1-270 m. dpl (above sea level), and the distance of the revolving shoreline nine to 1000 metre. However with raging plundering against the flower bud, the existence of this flower began to be worrying. Increased again, until this, the cultivation technique that was exact to maintain his conservation was not yet found. Therefore, legally, this flower was protected by the country was based on PP No. 7 on January 27 1999.